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21 December 07 Operation Sham Shad Effects Summary (Final)
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FINAL DRAFT OPERATION SHAM SHAD EFFECTS SUMMARY OVERVIEW: Operation Sham Shad, conceived by MG Khaliq, executed by the 2nd Brigade, 203d Corps (ANA) and supported by the Polish Battle Group and the Sharana PRT, achieved significant effects in Western Paktika Province. Operation Sham Shad succeeded in separating the enemy from the populace of the Khels region (including the districts of Sharana, Yousef Khel, Yaya Khel, Khary Kot, Jani Khel, Kushamond, and Dila. This separation enabled the Sharana PRT and the Polish Battle Group to initiate the decisive operation achieving effects with the populace NON-LETHAL EFFECTS: As identified in the Sham Shad planning, the desired effects included: ? Population actively rejects groups that threaten civic institutions and economic activity ? Government legitimacy recognized throughout the area of operation ? Trust and faith gained in government institutions ? The populace demonstrates a desire for participation in the political processes ? Balance and cooperation demonstrated between government and traditional authorities for dispute resolution ? Access to basic services increased and systems established to preserve the service The desired enduring effect was the connection of the people to the government. The creation of these effects began in Yousef Khel district with a KLE between the 2nd BDE, PBG, PRT Sharana, the Sub-Governor of Yousef Khel and the elders from 5 major sub-tribes. This KLE was followed the next day by a district shura, hosted by Governor Khpalwak. Over 200 people from the Sulimankhel tribe attended the ceremony held in the district center. Governor Khpalwak explained to the people of Yousef Khel that if anyone takes action against the government of Afghanistan or against coalition forces, they are going to be arrested, questioned and held in custody. He encouraged the Sulimankhel tribesmen to become united and do their best to bring more stability to the region. He also reminded them of the achievements and abilities of the IRGoA while highlighting that the ACM bring despair and destruction to good people. In conjunction with the efforts in Yousef Khel district, the following supporting activities were completed: Members of the Provincial and District government and the district tribes participated in a ribbon cutting ceremony for the recently completed Yousef Khel district center A medical engagement, led by ANA doctors, provided treatment to over 150 patients Humanitarian aid was distributed to the 5 area sub-tribes. HA consisted of provisions to assist the populace through the colder months of winter and included: boots, blankets, stoves, kettles, school supplies, bags of rice, beans, and flour. Additionally, 5 cultural center refurbishment kits were provided to the area mullahs. After completing operations in Yousef Khel, the focus moved to Yaya Khel district. Key leader engagements and shuras enabled the following: Contracts to establish three new wells The installation of solar lights for the bazaar The nomination of three villagers to go to Jalalabad for a month long, all inclusive, carpenters school. The establishment of quick impact projects in five different villages for karez cleanings, irrigation ditch improvements, and cultural center maintenance. The next major shura was in Jani Khel which was attended by over 500 local citizens. The Paktika Chief of Police led the shura and compelled the citizens to assist the GIRoA in the separation of the enemy. At the end of the Shura, many of the villagers personally thanked Gen Mullah Khel as well as other members of the provincial leadership for the projects that were provided. The following quick impact projects were started: kitchen for the District Center, 10 wells throughout the district, wood for heating the District Center and Mosque, and Bazaar area cleaning. Projects asked for by the head shura leader were a permanent clinic structure, refurbishment of the multi-purpose center, and solar lights for the new DC. Non-Kinetic operations then move to the Kushamond district for the final phase of the operation. KLEs resulted in a strengthening of relationships between the populace and the government. Quick impact projects were discussed and the following projects were identified: Bazaar area cleaning, and karez cleaning. These projects were selected because they will immediately employ area villagers. Additionally, two days of medical engagements provided treatment for over 500 people and more than 600 animals. There was some initial hesitancy by the populace to support the medical engagement but the populace soon determined that they could not receive this type of care from the Taliban who had previously controlled the area. Throughout the duration of the operation, as of 16 December 07, over $400,000 had been committed to development and reconstruction projects in direct support of Operation Sham Shad. Psychological Operations: A Radio in a Box (RIAB) radio station was established in Nawa district with signal propagation well into the Kushamond and Dila districts. This system is providing information about the government that was never before available in this area of Paktika. To assist in this effort, more than 2,000 radio receivers distributed to through out the area of operation to keep the people informed. PSYOP efforts focused on the following: o Promotion of ANP and ANA o Discrediting Taliban activity o Promotion of education o Promotion of the reconstruction process o Support to the government of IRoA MEDICAL OPERATIONS: By the end of the operation, more than 1,000 men, women and children had received medical treatment. All engagements were held at local medical facilities (2 at the Yousef Khel BHC and 2 at the Kushamond BHC) and were conducted with the assistance of the local medical providers and with ANA medical providers taking the lead. Additionally, over 600 animals were treated in veterinary operations. The 4 medical engagement operations conducted during OPN Sham Shad enabled the continued development of the medical specialists in Paktika and the 2nd BDE/203d Corps. Finally, the offer of additional medical training was well received, with doctors in Kushamond, Janikhel, and Yousefkhel expressing a desire to attend the TF Med 2-week medical training course at the BAF Hospital as well as ICW the Sharana PRT for other training. INTELLIGENCE: While too early to judge long term effects of operations against the enemy during Operation Sham Shad, enemy activity was ineffective in the Khels region and Kushamond and Dila. During the first Shura in Dila, a solidly Taliban-influenced area, there was iCOM chatter that indicated enemy were present in the area conducting VISOBS of ANSF and CF activity and members of the local population approached the ANA and expressed their fear of the Taliban in t